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[] How To Plant A Red Oak Tree

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Planting Red Oak Trees

Red Oak Trees. Whenever I think of Red Oak Trees, I remember hunting when I
was a kid and standing near trees that were giants. Now every Red Oak tree I
plant, I can invision those days in the deep woods and those grand trees and
hope someone else will have that same enjoyment. These trees will help you too
in establish a desired vision to your landscape.
Beyond their size, Red Oak Trees also fill important ecological niches. They
grow across broad ranges of forest and urban conditions, finding much of North
America to their liking.

Red Oak Trees need protection from deer, disease, insects, and competing weeds
and shrubs. The better your weed control the better your trees will grow. When
seedlings are planted, it best to plant them with large spacings to allow more
light to the plant. If these trees are planted in shade, they tend to be more
open. Red Oak Trees are used around new construction because they perform in a
wide range of soil conditions. Threse trees can take wetter soils than most
trees and are many time found in native areas near creek or river banks.If you
have compacted soil from new construction, we suggest smaller trees of 3-5'

All people handling seedlings and small trees need to help with the life
support of your plants. Seedlings are like fish out of water and need care which
is often overlooked between the time the seedlings are lifted and transplanted.
Improper care means higher mortality. Do not try and reinvent the wheel. You
must protect seedling from moisture and temperature extremes, as well as
physical damage.
Seedlings are living and should be handled carefully. For a higher survival
rate, treat trees carefully and plant them immediately. I like to have a backup
plan for planting if the weather turns bad. I will sometimes switch from lining
out the seedlings to potting them up if I realize that the soil conditions will
not be right for an extended lenght of time. If planting must be delayed a few
days, keep the plants in a cold, protected place with air circulation between
the trees. Keep the trees out of the rain and wind. To check if the trees need
water, feel the media at the roots.. If it isn't damp,
water the trees and allow the excess water to drain. In cool, damp weather, the
biggest threat to these trees is from mold. Try to keep out of soil seedlings
moist by either restricting water loss with a water vapor barrier or by wetting
the roots at regular intervals. While handling or planting try to reduce
temperature and air movement around the seedlings. Windy days can dry out
seedlings so consider waiting for calmer weather. Once your soil conditions are
correct OUR FREE USE PLANTERS will make planting a snap so its will be worth
waiting for good planting conditions.

Ideal planting days are cool and cloudy with little or no wind. If possible,
avoid planting on warm, windy days. The soil should be moist not wet. Care in
planting is more important than speed. Make sure the roots are never allowed to
become dry. Bare root seedlings should be carried in a waterproof bag or bucket
with plenty of moist material packed around the roots to keep them damp.
Ideally, bare root boxes should be kept refrigerated or packed in ice or snow.
Don't freeze the trees.
Competition from weeds, grass, brush or other trees is very detrimental to
survival and growth of seedlings. Choose areas free from this competition or
clear at least a three-foot square bare spot before planting. Seedlings should
not be planted under the crown of existing trees, or closer than 6 feet to
existing brush. Avoid areas near walnut trees.
Brush aside loose organic material such as leaves, grass, etc., from the
planting spot to expose mineral soil. If organic matter gets into the planting
hole, it can decompose and leave air spaces. Roots will dry out when they grow
into these spaces.
Open up the hole, making sure the hole is deep enough for the roots to be fully
extended. If roots are curled or bunched up, the tree will not be able to take
up water correctly, will often weaken and die, or may blow down later due to
poor root structure.
Take a tree out of your planting bag or bucket only after a hole is ready. When
exposed, the fine roots can dry out in as little as 30 seconds. Seedling shoots
and roots lose water to air, roots require more protecting.Unlike leaves ,they
do not have stomata (closeable openings on the surface of the leaves) or any
waxy coatings to help reduce water loss. If the roots apear dry they are
probably dead. Now I know you are thinking,"I will place them in a buckect of
water and store them there until planting". This will not work. Submerge plants
for no longer that a couple of minutes. Placing them in water cuts them off from
oxygen. Remember to remove the container before planting a containerized tree. A
helpful hint to all those new gardeners just starting is to remember to always
plant green side up.
Hold the seedling in place in the hole, making sure the roots are straight,
fully extended and that the tree is neither too shallow or too deep in the hole.

Fill hole, allowing soil to fall in around the roots. Tamp with hands or with
your heel. Don't crush the roots by jumping up and down around the seedling like
there is a snake curled up around the seedling. It is delicate. Fill with more
soil, if necessary, and tamp. Tamping is important. If soil is not firmly packed
around the roots, there will be air pockets that can dry out the roots, and the
seedlings may be weakly anchored. It is far easier to plant the tree strait up
then have the tree leaning and have to adjust the tree later.
(Addition of fertilizer and plant vitamins at the time of planting is not
generally necessary.)
Take your time in planting. Proper spacing will help you grow a more valuable
crop. I have tried to get more production from a limited area by over planting
and then thinning, but I always have had trouble in harvesting .... digging is
slower and poor quality usually results for a portion of the crop. Avoid these
tree planting errors:
Tangled roots
Planting too shallow
Planting too deep
Air pockets
Turned up roots (this is called J rooting)
Planting trees that are not tolerant of wet soils in poorly drained areas
Planting over rocks, septic tanks and leach fields, on sand mounds
Check periodically to be sure that brush, grass and other vegetation is kept
under control by mowing, mulching, spraying or a combination of these
treatments. Always obtain advice from a licensed pest control advisor before
using chemicals. You ag extension agency may offer courses in application of
chemicals. Monitoring the appearance of your trees will help you to detect signs
of insects, diseases or other problems. Apperances also help sell your product.
Look for foliage turning yellow, new foliage drooping or other signs of poor
health. It is easier to take successful corrective action if the problem is
detected early.
Over watering is a common problem in irrigated plantations. You probably won't
need to water more frequently than every 7-10 days. Give your trees a thorough,
deep soak and then let the soil dry out before the next watering. This
encourages the roots to grow down in search of water. Frequent, shallow watering
encourages root growth near the surface and the trees are more dependent on
irrigation and are less windfirm.
Animals can be a major cause of damage to young trees. Porcupines, gophers,
mice, rabbits, deer and cattle are the most frequent source of damage. In many
states you may have to call your game commission and get their recomendations on
legal methods to protect your crop. In our state, you can get help from the Pa.
Game Commission to kill deer that are a threat to your seedlings or obtain a
free fence to keep deer away from your seedlings. Over the years we have lost
more trees to mice than any other animal. Put rat baits out on a regular basis.
Over the years we have lost more seedlings and plants to mice than any other
culprit including deer and rabbits combined.
You an see more articles about the care of trees plants and nursery stock at
our web site other links are:
About the Author
Bill Has been planting trees on his 250 ac. tree farm for 25 years. The farm is
located in Doylestown Pa. 25 miles north of Philadelphia in Bucks County. -
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Useful Information About All Kinds Of Diapers And Nappies

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